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   ooe, ypo paaec opeopeo Pocc c 60-x oo pooo ea, cypo oee cpoe pae x cocax ace popecca aocax eo eeo, pacop . oye ox pe ae aoo ap aepecoa acao copo aeo cac, c oo copo, c cpe paoa, a c pyo - c pa ca poy.
  Cyecye ey yep opoa oe coa oe pa ao coecoa ycpe ax ooe. Coco cooe "a epeax" o e ocea a yp eo.
  Ky, aac, poe pepae ce a exec oa, oope o cococoa yee x pe. pecoaoc cpoeco e eex opo, ce oopx oceeo pacpac. K oy pe Pocc ocpoe op e eee opo apcoceca, Bapaco-Beca, Hoaeca, eepoca, Po-aypca Mococo-Kooeca. B ayce 1862 oa op ee -Heopoco eeo opoe.
  K aay 60-x oo Pocc a oopyoaa ooo poa ce eepaoo cooe: ocpoe eepyp - Moca, eepyp-Bapaa, Moca - Ke, Ke - Oecca, eepyp - Pee, eepyp-ecopc, Moca - Kaa pye. poeoc eepao ce B 1858 oy cocaa ye oee 9880 . p 44 eepax cax, e ca ca o Hoaeco eeo opoe. B 1858 oy epaa coea Mocy c .
  poe "ooe o pee epeae eepaecx ee o epoaoy eepay", p 1855 oy, a ae paeceoe yaae o eepa coco cooe pee ocyapca. Teepa epy oepe cooac epea paecex cyex cooe. Oao cope a papeea epeaa aco oppecoe.
  Hecop a ap, oe eepaa o yeac peo opoc oce oe 1861 oy peocoo paa, epo aoo pa Pocc aaa.
  Baae a pocccx eepaax paoa aapa cce aepacoo operare Mope co copoc epea 500-550 co ac. C oa 60-x oo Pocc pooe pacpocpaee oy eepa aapa pyo aepacoo ocpyopa . . a poe 180 ao yy. B oae eepaoo epaea oopoc o cpoe, yoce epea ee ocpeco aapa cce a, o yeao eoxooc ycao x aapao a ax eepax yx, a ae a pyx eepx cx. a pao cooa aapao a Pocc opeae oy o apcoo paea oapaee 200 c. pao.
  B 1870 oy 34 opoce eepae ca Mo epeaa eepa a epay eepay ca, oopa, co oepe, epeaaa x aoea pyx opoo Pocc. B oe 70-x oo coc, o c co e opaca oeo eepaa pooeoc aapao Mope a aeo e ( 4-5 pa) poyco cocooc ex cax pooo, o oop epeaac eepa. ooy e oceye ycoepecoa eepax aapao apae a o, o oc copoc eepapoa. B a, ye aoaeco epea c epoppoao e pacepa, p oopo ac e cpaeo eoo copoc pyo pao eepaca a aype aapaa pae epep eo paoe.
  Teepaa aapaypa oo pee, ae ca coepea, e oa yoeop pocccx poeo opoe, oax o execx cpec aeo, a aoe, eeeo eocpeceo c ey oppecoea pee aoa.
  Tay c o peoca oo eeo, aaeoa 1876 oy aepae A. . eo o aae "oop eepa". Tpya ea cya o oepe epea, pea eoeeco pe. B epo eeoe e o oa. Bo aoea poc epe pyy p ca. aoc ec o e peaa 500 epo.
  e e eee o opeee o ococy oe o c pe. He cyao yye, ycoepecoa eeoa ea cey oo a py.
  B 1877 oy opeae Bae pe oa aoea eepa , oop aa e oa (oee aee ). B o e oy eepypc ao eeo p "Cec ace" aa oaa eeoe aapa c y ee pya - oa pea, pya epea pe.
  B ceye oy pycc epoex . M. oy p eeox aapaax oecaop papaoa ep pycc eeo opao ocpy, op o peeo ecoo ocox ao. B o e 1878 oy Toac co epe pe eeoo c pacopaop (yoy yy). 28 ap 1878 oa B H-Xeee (CA) cocooc ope epo Mpe opoco eeoo ca oeo ooa.
   apcx , e epx opee pyccx opeaee, opoa pae oeeceo eeo. Ho oo oae opeee, aoc oopoo eocpecey oy oe pepe o c pe, Pocc o ye .
  5 epa 1881 oa o eepao Mao oa oay acy Koe cpo o ycpoce eeoo cooe Pocc. B e, acoc, oopoc: "pocoa ycpoca eeoa oooc ooa a, e oaa ao execo , co ocee ca copoe po aeoe paecoe pee caaoo op cpeca cooe Aepe, ae oo epeo poy... o e opee coee ocpeco eeoo e oycoeo ee ecy y ac aooooe. Mey e cepco o eepao ca ye ocya xoaaca o papee ycpoca eeox cooe pax aooce... ypee eeooo cooe peyec ycpoco ooeo eepao ycaoa opeeex yax eeoo, pecax aeo y eoc cpae c eepa aapaa. paa ooy ycpoco eex cooe Pocc epo eca oeo ce ypoeoo oe ocyoo y y , p y, eeoe cooe, ooo eepa, o coca pecey pea, axoy, o ycpoco x oo poc ca paeco c eo a o papee".
  a oaa aca oac cece oo, o cyeo oe eepaoo eapaea cepca ypex e aay 1881 oa oaac ec cex poc o ox oec acx o ocpoe cyaa eeox cee pax opoax Pocc. peoaoc cpoo yopo o ooe Pyccoo ocyapca oe eeoc. e oee o ycox acoo pepaeca, oa eeoe aapa poee oopyoae c o epyo popec, eoope poe caocoeo, e oac paecex pee, oopyoa co pep eeo . Ca ep eeo ca Pocc eoe ca acoo ooa, ope 1880 oy cyapyee a aoax yep: C-aoe, Aa-aaoco Mp aoax.
   paee, ope 1879 oa, pooc o pe eeoa a eepax x, o e oopoc paope aaa eepypcoo eepaoo opya epapa eepa eapae. ca pa eeo ocpy "Cec ace", ycaee eepypc aoo p. O e ey eepypo Mao Bepo (paccoe 150 epc). Oaaoc, o cae o eeoy cac co, a paoopa pe a epaopa: y oyac yxe, a oocec oee. Bopo o poc a e pacco, ey eepypo a (75 epc). Peya ca oe yoeop: y pe aoe oeoe co co cac oe copoa. Ca ya opoc paope epapa, oa xapaepoaa cpae c pe yx , axoxc cex oaax, paeex epeopoo paoapax ooe .
  a opao, cp o eepao ca oay acy o aepa ye ecx y ca eeoa oeecex ycox. B ae 1881 oa cp ypx e peca oe cpo oa "O eeoo ce eepype". B oopoc: "Teeooe cooee, cyecyee aex opoax aao Epo, pecaec oe oe e y ac. eee eeoo peoaaec aa c C. eepypa epeoopo paecex ec, oecex ypee acx . Ocyecee oo aa o e eo o eecoc, ao epe paoec y ac cyaa eeoo, pecae oee yo ep ac pepoc, e pacxoo a, ooo oy eeo o ocpax ocyapcax. pa o coco, paeco ae ee oy oece cee opo a coepae eeox epeoopo...".
  28 ayca 1881 oa Koe cpo ocya oaa aca cpa ypex e o ycpoce opocx eeox cooe. Koe p peee, yepeoe ape 25 cep 1881 oa aeee coe paee "Ocox ycox ycpoca yaa opocx eeox cooe". Coaco yco, eeoa c paaac paeceo oooe, o pao cpoeca cyaa eeox cee oeo ooa oya ace pepa (oee a, aoepe oeca oa) o opaa c eepa eapaeo cepca ypx e a 20 e, o cee oopx eeoe ce o epeaac paecy.
  Ha ocoa x yco epo c 1881 o 1886 o ace pepa oy papeee a yaa eeox cee oaa pyex opoax Pocc. B ce x opoo .




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