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- ADSL
:  :  5.2.04

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ADSL

  B e peo, oopa ceae oo pepaee coe oo ex aoecx "ooo" epea epoo oep. o pooe, oa oa exoo, epea e Epoe, Ceepo Aepe Aaco-Txooeaco peoe, oo ye copoc epea oax cex 200 pa.

  o o ac? Copoco epe-cep, oee aoe oooc epoo oep opooe co ox ycy opeee, a paee o peoa. Bce o peocaec oopeeo c oo eeoo c, pe e ee pepa. , oe o cyecyx cocoo ocya epe eeycya, poa ooca poyca ex ocee peocaec ocoo, a o a oe e yo apa oep e eo c py ooae.

  a aeaea exoo aaec ADSL. Oa papaaaac eee pa e ceac epec a accoo pe. ADSL pee copeey exy oepo opao, o ooe cooa ooee eoce oooc e, e aecoae p oacox eeox oax. Texoo yopye a cyecyx eeox x p a ceaoo oa appe oce ooae epaa a eco ATC. Tae oca oepo, a Dell Compaq, ye peaa oopyoae c eppoa oea ADSL.

   , ADSL , .

   ADSL ADSL, . - "" , "" . , ADSL.

  B acoc o pa aopo, ADSL oe oecea apae ooae eoc, epey eco oa opaox ceyy, a apae o ooae poaepy ycy - eco co c ceyy. o co cpa c o oea, oope ceo a ecoo eco c ceyy. Tae cpae: caae o epoo p oeo 10 Ma ae oee 45 y p oo eeoo , oee 20 y p cooa oea ISDN, eee yx y p cooa ADSL. epoa oep, ooa ocyec po oa ey pep, ye caa o aoee cpo paaxc ceopo pa c opaox exoo. a opa epoo oep a ecye cpace - cce, coeae ee ce epe oeo ooa acx ypex opopax cee c e pacpocpae copyeca aoc, ex eco yp opaa, a pax apepo. cooae cpacee ae oooc oppoa epo o oce aaa ca, coepecoae pyyp e ocao yyee aoec c oco ea. oee eoc ax poecco oe oece
aey oo eex cpec cyeceo oc oypeococooc opopa. o e acaec opeee, popeee oapo ycy epe epe oaae yoco, ocy coa ocao o ce pe , aacy, oee e e yyeoe ocyae. Oo ae ooe e aoooe ey poao oyaee, pe eyee ooee aae aa opee. poaa e peyeco epoo opo coco o, o oa oc oa xapaep, yopye pyocyoo pyooo oe oxoc opao eee, e oe aa ca ocao.

  o oee oa KPMG Consulting Beopa, o oe poa, aecyx epe, pace aao Epoe c 288 p. USD 1999 . o oee e 2 p. 2002. o e Mapea e pe, peea Oea Cee ax oa Alcatel, e cpa, oope ep coay ce poooocoo ocya, peayee a ocoe exoo ADSL, axa opao oy o epooo eca, e ce ocae.

  epeoc oepaopo ADSL oea. B 1999 . oa Alcatel, ac oepo o exoo, ocaa exoo ADSL 28 oepaopa 19 cpaax pa. Cpe x: Telecom Austria, Belgacom, BT, Cegetel, France Telecom, Telecom Italia, KPN, NTL, Telefonica, Turk Telecom Telia Epoe; Bell Atlantic, Bell Canada ocopy ocao, peca p pyx oepaopo Ceepo Aepe; a ae Singapore Telecom, Korea Telecom, Hanaro Telecom, acpaca Telstra, Guangdong PTA Kae aac TOT Aaco-Txooeaco peoe. oco oepaopo peaa poaepa epe-ycy oooc ADSL oo.

  B ac ocao exoo ADSL oecea ooe o, p-apao popaoo oecee, ooe epcoax oepo, oa, aaec eeoc cepe cee ax opaox exoo, a ae ae pye ooe eeoyaooo oopyoa, a Alcatel.

  ecoo eyapox p, aaxc cceoae pa, aa Alcatel ey po ocao oopyoa ADSL, a epa, oe o cooecyee oopyoae ATC. Hapep, e 1999 . coe oope "Cce poooocoo ocya cex oeo ooa" pa Dittberner Associates cooa, o oa Alcatel ocaa o ooy ycaoeoo pe ooeoo oopyoa ADSL ATC. A oyoaoe ayce pooo oa cceoae oa Cahners InStat "Aa pa aaoox pox oeo Q29" o o a, o oa Alcatel oaa po ADSL oopyoa, ycaaaeoo y opee, oca 33 % cooecyx oeo.

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